Environment, Climate Change, & Energy

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Waste & pollution

Liberal

  • Ban harmful single-use plastics.
  • Set new standards and targets for businesses that manufacture plastic products or sell items with plastic packaging to have them take full responsibility for collecting and recycling.
  • Strengthen the Environmental Protection Act.

Conservative

  • Work with provinces and municipalities to put an end to raw sewage being dumped in waterways.
  • Review and modernize air quality standards.
  • Reinstate the Lake Simcoe Clean-Up fund.
  • Ban export of plastic waste.

NDP

Ban single-use plastics and help municipalities improve waste management and recycling programmes.

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Green

  • Set targets to reduce production of solid waste.
  • Hold manufacturers financially responsible for waste.
  • Require an increasing percentage of recycled plastic feedstock in durable plastic products.
  • Require all products to be fully recyclable.
  • Phase out export of solid waste.

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Threats from climate change

Liberal

  • Create a low-cost national flood insurance programme to protect homeowners at high risk of flooding.
  • Work with provinces and territories to complete all flood maps in Canada.
  • Develop a national action plan to assist homeowners with potential relocation.
  • Invest $1 billion.

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Conservative

  • Incorporate a mitigation and adaptation lens to infrastructure investments, with communities identifying and addressing risks.
  • Pursue natural infrastructure projects to provide low-cost protection against floods, drought, and water quality issues.
  • Invest in wildfire technology.
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Freshwater

Liberal

Introduce greater protection for the Great Lakes and other large lakes.

NDP

  • Implement a national freshwater strategy and work with provinces and territories to protect waterways under international agreements.
  • Fully restore navigable waters protections for all of Canada's lakes and rivers.

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Green

  • Using the existing Green Infrastructure Fund, launch a national program to restore natural buffer zones along waterways.
  • Invest in climate-proofing essential infrastructure, prioritizing drinking and waste water systems to protect against flooding, droughts, and contamination.

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Conservation

Liberal

  • Conserve 25% of Canada's land and 25% of Canada's territorial waters by 2025, working toward 30% of each by 2030.
  • Introduce Canada's first-ever Aquaculture act.
  • Invest in marine science and fighting invasive species.
  • Protect fish stocks and marine habitats from climate change.

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Conservative

Reestablish the Hunting and Angling Advisory Panel to give hunters and anglers input into decisions on protecting natural habitats.

NDP

Protect 30% of land, freshwater, and oceans by 2030, work with other levels of government to develop urban national parks, and develop a national approach to tree-planting to lower Canada's carbon-footprint.

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Green

  • Give Canadians the right to a healthy environment.
  • Expand marine protected areas to 30% of territorial waters by 2030.
  • Ramp up development and implementation of endangered species recovery plans.
  • Commit $400m to create Indigenous-led protected and conserved areas.

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Emissions targets

Liberal

  • Work towards net-zero by 2050.
  • Set legally-binding, 5-year milestones.
  • Appoint a group of scientists, economists, & experts to recommend the best path to net-zero.
  • Introduce a Just Transition Act to transition energy workers to other industries.
  • Plant 2b trees over 10 years.

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NDP

Declare a climate emergency, put in place greenhouse gas reductions targets to stabilize the global temperature rise to 1.5 degrees Celcius, and create an independent Climate Accountability Office to do regular audits of progress towards climate goals.

Green

Pass into law a Climate Change Act requiring a 60% cut in climate-changing emissions below 2005 levels by 2030, reaching net zero in 2050.

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Major energy projects

Liberal

Any profit from construction or sale of the Trans Mountain Expansion Project will be invested in natural climate solutions and clean energy projects.

Conservative

  • Create a national energy corridor to carry Canadian energy & resources from coast to coast.
  • Repeal Bill C-69.
  • End ban on shipping traffic on the north coast of BC.
  • Build the Trans Mountain Pipeline.
  • Assert federal jurisdiction over projects that are "for the general advantage".

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NDP

Overhaul the process for reviewing major projects to ensure adequate time for public consultation and provide core funding to support Indigenous participation.

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Green

  • Approve no new pipelines, or coal, oil, or gas drilling or mining.
  • Continue extant oil and gas operations on a declining basis with bitumen production phased out between 2030 and 2035.
  • Ban fracking.
  • Cancel the Trans Mountain pipeline.

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Green buildings and housing

Liberal

  • Help retrofit 1.5 million homes for energy efficiency.
  • Give interested homeowners and landlords a free energy audit.
  • Help homeowners and landlords pay for retrofits with an interest-free loan of up to $40,000.
  • Introduce a Net Zero Homes Grant of up to $5000.

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Conservative

Introduce a 20% refundable credit on family's income tax for green improvements to their homes over $1000 and up to $20,000.

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NDP

  • Require and fund large-scale building retrofits in all sectors to reduce energy demand.
  • Retrofit all housing stock in Canada by 2050, with low-interest loans payable through energy savings.
  • Update the National Building Code to ensure net-zero energy in new buildings by 2030.

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Green

  • Launch a massive energy efficiency retrofit of residential, commercial, and institutional buildings, financed through direct grants, zero-interest loans, and repayments based on energy/cost savings.
  • Require new construction to meet net-zero emission standards by 2030.

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Energy production

Liberal

Create a new $5 billion Clean Power Fund to support electrification of Canadian industries and transition northern, remove, and Indigenous communities off diesel power, sourced through the Canada Infrastructure Bank's existing resources.

NDP

  • Establish a Canadian Climate Bank to power Canada with net carbon-free electricity by 2030, encourage smart grid technology, and support made-in-Canada manufacturing of renewable energy technologies.
  • Support community owned clean energy products.

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Green

  • Implement a major ramp-up of renewable energy with 100% of Canada's electricity coming from renewable sources by 2030, including in remote and northern communities.
  • Implement a national electrical grid strategy to enable renewable energy flow between provinces and territories.

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Green jobs

Liberal

Cut corporate tax paid by companies developing and manufacturing zero-emissions technology by 50%.

NDP

  • Create over 300,000 jobs within a first mandate, and rebuild local economies with family-sustaining work country-wide.
  • Bring more innovative clean technologies to market.
  • Protect workers' pensions.
  • Invest in infrastructure to contribute to emissions reductions.

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Green

Phase out fossil fuel subsidies and invest the money in green economic sectors.

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Carbon pricing

Liberal

Maintain and continue to increase the current federally mandated price on carbon.
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Conservative

Remove the federal price on carbon.

NDP

Continue carbon pricing, including rebates to households that fall under the federal backstop plan, while rolling back breaks for big polluters.

Green

Maintain a broad-based, revenue neutral carbon fee on all sources of carbon dioxide pollution. Revenues from the carbon fee would be returned to Canadians as a dividend.

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Toxic substances

Green

  • Strengthen CEPA.
  • Invoke the precautionary principle in making decisions about approvals of products, substances, projects, and processes with potential for irreversible harm.
  • Regulate microfibres as a toxic substance.
  • Ban all toxic ingredients in personal care products.

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Pesticides & herbicides

Green

  • Set targets for reducing use of pesticides through programmes to assist farmers in moving to organic farming.
  • Revive and expand the National Pesticides Monitoring and Surveillance Network.
  • Create a reporting database for to keep track of health impacts of pesticides.
  • Ban neonics.

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Fossil fuel subsidies

NDP

Eliminate fossil fuel subsidies and redirect those funds to low carbon initiatives, fulfilling Canada's G-20 commitments.

Green

Cancel subsidies to fossil fuel industries, redirecting funds into the Canadian Grid Strategy and renewable energy transition.

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Green government operations

NDP

Procure for government from Canadian companies involved in clean technology, ensure that federal buildings use renewable energy, and move vehicle fleets to fully electric by 2025, choosing made-in-Canada where possible.

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Green governance

Green

Establish a cross-party inner cabinet to deal with climate change, mandated to ensure Canada does its part to limit global warming to a level civilization can survive, and mitigate the effects of climate change.