Human Rights

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Gender-based work discrimination & pay inequity

Liberal

  • Invest $9 million over three years in helping visible minority newcomer women find and keep a good job.
  • Work with economic development, agricultural, and trade organizations to ensure that underrepresented communities are better served and able to find and keep middle class jobs.

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NDP

Prioritize pay equity to put an end to gender-based wage discrimination, require employers to be transparent about pay, and enforce pro-active pay equity legislation and regulations right away.

Green

Fully implement federal pay equity rules.

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Racism and bias in justice

Liberal

Invest $11 million over four years to ensure all officials in Canada's enforcement and security agencies have access to unconscious bias and cultural competency training.
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NDP

  • Form a national task force to end over-representation of Indigenous peoples and Black Canadians in the federal prison system.
  • Develop culturally appropriate bail programmes.
  • Increase restorative justice, judicial discretion in sentencing.
  • Further integrate the Gladue principles.

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Hate crimes

Liberal

  • Strengthen the Anti-Racism Strategy and double its funding.
  • Boost funding for community-led initiatives to promote inclusion and combat racism.
  • Improve the quality and amount of data StatsCan does regarding hate crimes.

NDP

Ensure all major cities have dedicated hate crime units within local police forces and convene a national working group to counter online hate.

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LGBTQI2+ awareness

Liberal

Invest $10 million / year more, over three years, in LGBTQ2 organizations.

Green

Fund community-driven education and awareness programmes that lead to a greater understanding of intersex realities and diversity of sexualities and gender identities, and referral programmes to direct for trans, non-binary, and Two Spirit people to appropriate services.

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Gender-based violence

Liberal

Invest an additional $30 million to develop a National Action Plan for gender-based violence.
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NDP

  • Develop a National Action Plan to end gender-based violence, backed by funding to ensure shelter services and other programmes are available in all regions.
  • Promote domestic violence leave policies in workplaces.
  • Address violence against Indigenous women, LGBTQI2s+ people.

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Green

  • Develop a Canada-wide action plan with a timetable and dedicated funding to eliminate violence against women, girls, and gender-diverse people.
  • Implement the recommendations of the IMMIWG.
  • Invest $40m over four years in the Shelter Enhancement Programme.

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Racism in law enforcement

NDP

Ban carding by federal law enforcement, work with local partners to end it in all jurisdictions, and review all information obtained through carding and retained and examine how it has been shared between police forces and government agencies.

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Online hate

Liberal

Introduce regulations for social media platforms, requiring all platforms remove illegal content, including hate speech, within 24 hours or face significant financial penalties.

NDP

  • Convene a national working group to counter online hate and protect public safety.
  • Make social media platforms responsible for removing hateful and extremist content.

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Sexuality-discriminatory legislation

Green

Repeal all federal laws and policies that discriminate on the basis of sexuality, including Section 159 of the Criminal Code, and that refer to intersex reality as a defect, aberration, or by any other derogatory terms.

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LGBTQI2S+ work discrimination

NDP

Add sexual orientation, gender identity, and gender expression to the Employment Equity Act.

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Sex work

Green

  • Reform sex work laws in Canada with a clear focus on harm reduction.
  • Make the industry legal.
  • Increase funding to bolster investigations and convictions in human trafficking cases.
  • Increase funding of organizations helping those driven to sex work by economic deprivation.

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Race-based work discrimination

Liberal

Enhance the Youth Employment Strategy, and ensure upcoming State of Youth reports take an intersectional approach including race.

NDP

  • Conduct a comprehensive review of the existing employment equity regime and help close the racialized wage gap.
  • Strengthen labour laws and ensure diverse and equitable hiring within the federal public service and federally regulated industries.

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Green

  • Fully implement federal pay equity rules.
  • Enhance use of Community Benefits Agreements to increase economic inclusion and opportunity for marginalized communities of colour.

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Conversion therapy & intersex surgery

Liberal

Prohibit conversion therapy.

NDP

Ban conversion therapy for minors in Canada and work with provinces and territories to eliminate the practice.

Green

Ban and condemn the practice of medically unnecessary surgeries on intersex children, and the practice of conversion therapy, in all its forms.

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Gender-affirmation

NDP

Ensure equal access to gender-affirming surgery, with procedures and medications covered by public health plans.

Green

  • Ensure access to sexual health care and gender affirming health care, including hormone treatments and blockers, and gender confirmation surgeries.
  • Ensure that trans, non-binary, and Two Spirit people, without undertaking surgeries, are able to alter their sex designation.

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Accessibility

Liberal

Invest $40 million / year in a national workplace accessibility fund, with focus on making small and medium-sized businesses more accessible.

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Ban on blood donation

Liberal

Support the implementation of a behaviour-based model, replacing the blood ban.

NDP

End the ban on blood donation by men who have sex with anyone assigned male at birth, and put in place policies for behaviour-based screening.

Green

Remove unscientific barriers to blood donations.

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Cooperation with torture

Green

Investigate allegations by the UN Human Rights Committee of Canadian officials cooperating with foreign agencies known to use torture.

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Detainment for anti-terrorism

Green

Amend the Anti-Terrorism Act and the Public Safety Act to require that, after a reasonable period, formal charges be brought against all those detained.