This is a page from the 2019 Canadian general election.

Introduction

You can use this tool to explore each party's policy on pretty much anything. Some parties may not have a policy on everything, and some may just not have announced theirs yet.

Feel free to mark each policy with a disagreeable, neutral, or agreeable. We'll keep track, and tally up which party you agree with most on the final page.




Agriculture & Food

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Agricultural business

Liberal

  • Make Canada the world's second-largest exporter of agricultural products by 2025.
  • Merge existing financial and advisory services into Farm Credit Canada.
  • Increase Farm and Food Development Canada's capital lending capability to $5b/year.

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Canada Grain Act

Conservative

  • Modernize the Canada Grain Act and Canadian Grain Commission, with a focus on consultation with farmers.
  • Return $130 million in overcharged user fees from the CGC to farmers.
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Diversity of growers

Liberal

Facilitate intergenerational transfer of farms with tax measures.

NDP

Work with the provinces to improve training opportunities for young people and women, and provide low-cost start-up loans for new farmers.

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Farmer protections

Liberal

Lead a collaborative review of business rick management programmes with a special focus on Agri-Stability, and increase federal support to farmers to help them manage risks beyond their control.

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Food waste

NDP

Develop a national food waste strategy to reduce food that goes to waste.

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Green farming

Green

  • Establish emissions targets.
  • Fund research and support for farmers shifting to organic and regenerative farming systems.
  • Renew the Environmental Farm Plan Program to help farmers protect wildlife habitat, maintain water quality.
  • Improve soil quality.

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Indigenous food sovereignty

NDP

Work in partnership with First Nations, Inuit, and Métis communities to expand access to healthy food, including traditional and country foods.

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Locally-grown food

NDP

Work with producers along the supply chain to increase the amount of Canadian food that is sold, processed, and consumed in local and regional markets.

Green

  • Invest $2.5m/year into a land and quota trust program and farming apprenticeship programs to expand local small-scale agriculture.
  • Set targets for domestic production.
  • Rooftop gardens.
  • Re-establish infrastructure for local food production.
  • Preserve and record existing farmland.

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Mental health of growers

NDP

Bring together farmers and the provinces to develop a national strategy addressing mental health challenges facing farmers.

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Nutrition North

NDP

Reform the Nutrition North programme to improve food security for northern families.

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Payment protection for growers

NDP

Introduce a payment protection programme for produce growers and take immediate steps to restore protection for growers selling to the U.S. under the Perishable Agricultural Commodities Act.

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Supply management

Liberal

Defend supply management.

NDP

New Democrats are committed to fully protecting supply management and ensuring reciprocity in all trade negotiations, and supporting these sectors as they innovate and grow.

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Treatment of farm animals

Green

Adopt animal welfare legislation to prevent inhumane treatment of farm animals.

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Youth nutrition

NDP

Work towards a national school nutrition programme to give children access to healthy food and food literacy skills.

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Education & Training

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Job training

Liberal

  • Introduce a Canada Training Benefit, giving workers money to help pay for training, provide income support during training, and offer job protection.
  • Create a Canadian Apprenticeship Service, supported by up to $10,000/apprentice, over four years, for every new position created.

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Conservative

  • Work with colleges and universities to make sure courses, programs, and academic curricula reflect labour demands.
  • Make sure government retraining programs meet demand for skills required.
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NDP

Change EI rules to allow workers who quit their job to go to school to qualify for EI benefits, expand options for workers in designated sectors and regions to take EI funded training ahead of losing a job, and require employers to spend at least 1 percent of payroll on training.

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Post-secondary education

Liberal

Give full- and part-time students up to $1,200 more per year.

NDP

Over the long term, work with provinces and territories to cap and reduce tuition feeds, building towards making post-secondary education part of a public education system.

Green

  • Allocate $10 billion to post-secondary and trade school supports.
  • Make college and university tuition free for all Canadian students.
  • Remove the 2% cap on increases in education funding for Indigenous students.
  • Forgive extant student debt held by the federal government.

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RESPs

Conservative

Raise the government's contribution to an RESP from 20% to 30% for every dollar invested up to $2,500 a year.

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Student loans

Liberal

Introduce rules so that graduates won't have to start repaying their loans until they make at least $35,000, and put payments on hold if their income ever falls below this level.

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NDP

Eliminate interest rates on student loans federally, move away from loans, and increase access to non-repayable Canada Student Grants.



Environment, Climate Change, & Energy

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Carbon pricing

Liberal

Maintain and continue to increase the current federally mandated price on carbon.
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Conservative

Remove the federal price on carbon.

NDP

Continue carbon pricing, including rebates to households that fall under the federal backstop plan, while rolling back breaks for big polluters.

Green

Maintain a broad-based, revenue neutral carbon fee on all sources of carbon dioxide pollution. Revenues from the carbon fee would be returned to Canadians as a dividend.

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Conservation

Liberal

  • Conserve 25% of Canada's land and 25% of Canada's territorial waters by 2025, working toward 30% of each by 2030.
  • Introduce Canada's first-ever Aquaculture act.
  • Invest in marine science and fighting invasive species.
  • Protect fish stocks and marine habitats from climate change.

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Conservative

Reestablish the Hunting and Angling Advisory Panel to give hunters and anglers input into decisions on protecting natural habitats.

NDP

Protect 30% of land, freshwater, and oceans by 2030, work with other levels of government to develop urban national parks, and develop a national approach to tree-planting to lower Canada's carbon-footprint.

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Green

  • Give Canadians the right to a healthy environment.
  • Expand marine protected areas to 30% of territorial waters by 2030.
  • Ramp up development and implementation of endangered species recovery plans.
  • Commit $400m to create Indigenous-led protected and conserved areas.

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Emissions targets

Liberal

  • Work towards net-zero by 2050.
  • Set legally-binding, 5-year milestones.
  • Appoint a group of scientists, economists, & experts to recommend the best path to net-zero.
  • Introduce a Just Transition Act to transition energy workers to other industries.
  • Plant 2b trees over 10 years.

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NDP

Declare a climate emergency, put in place greenhouse gas reductions targets to stabilize the global temperature rise to 1.5 degrees Celcius, and create an independent Climate Accountability Office to do regular audits of progress towards climate goals.

Green

Pass into law a Climate Change Act requiring a 60% cut in climate-changing emissions below 2005 levels by 2030, reaching net zero in 2050.

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Energy production

Liberal

Create a new $5 billion Clean Power Fund to support electrification of Canadian industries and transition northern, remove, and Indigenous communities off diesel power, sourced through the Canada Infrastructure Bank's existing resources.

NDP

  • Establish a Canadian Climate Bank to power Canada with net carbon-free electricity by 2030, encourage smart grid technology, and support made-in-Canada manufacturing of renewable energy technologies.
  • Support community owned clean energy products.

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Green

  • Implement a major ramp-up of renewable energy with 100% of Canada's electricity coming from renewable sources by 2030, including in remote and northern communities.
  • Implement a national electrical grid strategy to enable renewable energy flow between provinces and territories.

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Fossil fuel subsidies

NDP

Eliminate fossil fuel subsidies and redirect those funds to low carbon initiatives, fulfilling Canada's G-20 commitments.

Green

Cancel subsidies to fossil fuel industries, redirecting funds into the Canadian Grid Strategy and renewable energy transition.

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Freshwater

Liberal

Introduce greater protection for the Great Lakes and other large lakes.

NDP

  • Implement a national freshwater strategy and work with provinces and territories to protect waterways under international agreements.
  • Fully restore navigable waters protections for all of Canada's lakes and rivers.

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Green

  • Using the existing Green Infrastructure Fund, launch a national program to restore natural buffer zones along waterways.
  • Invest in climate-proofing essential infrastructure, prioritizing drinking and waste water systems to protect against flooding, droughts, and contamination.

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Green buildings and housing

Liberal

  • Help retrofit 1.5 million homes for energy efficiency.
  • Give interested homeowners and landlords a free energy audit.
  • Help homeowners and landlords pay for retrofits with an interest-free loan of up to $40,000.
  • Introduce a Net Zero Homes Grant of up to $5000.

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Conservative

Introduce a 20% refundable credit on family's income tax for green improvements to their homes over $1000 and up to $20,000.

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NDP

  • Require and fund large-scale building retrofits in all sectors to reduce energy demand.
  • Retrofit all housing stock in Canada by 2050, with low-interest loans payable through energy savings.
  • Update the National Building Code to ensure net-zero energy in new buildings by 2030.

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Green

  • Launch a massive energy efficiency retrofit of residential, commercial, and institutional buildings, financed through direct grants, zero-interest loans, and repayments based on energy/cost savings.
  • Require new construction to meet net-zero emission standards by 2030.

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Green governance

Green

Establish a cross-party inner cabinet to deal with climate change, mandated to ensure Canada does its part to limit global warming to a level civilization can survive, and mitigate the effects of climate change.

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Green government operations

NDP

Procure for government from Canadian companies involved in clean technology, ensure that federal buildings use renewable energy, and move vehicle fleets to fully electric by 2025, choosing made-in-Canada where possible.

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Green jobs

Liberal

Cut corporate tax paid by companies developing and manufacturing zero-emissions technology by 50%.

NDP

  • Create over 300,000 jobs within a first mandate, and rebuild local economies with family-sustaining work country-wide.
  • Bring more innovative clean technologies to market.
  • Protect workers' pensions.
  • Invest in infrastructure to contribute to emissions reductions.

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Green

Phase out fossil fuel subsidies and invest the money in green economic sectors.

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Major energy projects

Liberal

Any profit from construction or sale of the Trans Mountain Expansion Project will be invested in natural climate solutions and clean energy projects.

Conservative

  • Create a national energy corridor to carry Canadian energy & resources from coast to coast.
  • Repeal Bill C-69.
  • End ban on shipping traffic on the north coast of BC.
  • Build the Trans Mountain Pipeline.
  • Assert federal jurisdiction over projects that are "for the general advantage".

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NDP

Overhaul the process for reviewing major projects to ensure adequate time for public consultation and provide core funding to support Indigenous participation.

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Green

  • Approve no new pipelines, or coal, oil, or gas drilling or mining.
  • Continue extant oil and gas operations on a declining basis with bitumen production phased out between 2030 and 2035.
  • Ban fracking.
  • Cancel the Trans Mountain pipeline.

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Pesticides & herbicides

Green

  • Set targets for reducing use of pesticides through programmes to assist farmers in moving to organic farming.
  • Revive and expand the National Pesticides Monitoring and Surveillance Network.
  • Create a reporting database for to keep track of health impacts of pesticides.
  • Ban neonics.

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Threats from climate change

Liberal

  • Create a low-cost national flood insurance programme to protect homeowners at high risk of flooding.
  • Work with provinces and territories to complete all flood maps in Canada.
  • Develop a national action plan to assist homeowners with potential relocation.
  • Invest $1 billion.

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Conservative

  • Incorporate a mitigation and adaptation lens to infrastructure investments, with communities identifying and addressing risks.
  • Pursue natural infrastructure projects to provide low-cost protection against floods, drought, and water quality issues.
  • Invest in wildfire technology.
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Toxic substances

Green

  • Strengthen CEPA.
  • Invoke the precautionary principle in making decisions about approvals of products, substances, projects, and processes with potential for irreversible harm.
  • Regulate microfibres as a toxic substance.
  • Ban all toxic ingredients in personal care products.

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Waste & pollution

Liberal

  • Ban harmful single-use plastics.
  • Set new standards and targets for businesses that manufacture plastic products or sell items with plastic packaging to have them take full responsibility for collecting and recycling.
  • Strengthen the Environmental Protection Act.

Conservative

  • Work with provinces and municipalities to put an end to raw sewage being dumped in waterways.
  • Review and modernize air quality standards.
  • Reinstate the Lake Simcoe Clean-Up fund.
  • Ban export of plastic waste.

NDP

Ban single-use plastics and help municipalities improve waste management and recycling programmes.

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Green

  • Set targets to reduce production of solid waste.
  • Hold manufacturers financially responsible for waste.
  • Require an increasing percentage of recycled plastic feedstock in durable plastic products.
  • Require all products to be fully recyclable.
  • Phase out export of solid waste.

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Government & Democracy

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Conflict-of-interest

Conservative

  • Introduce real penalties for violations of the Conflict of Interest Act.
  • Disallow the indirect holding of shares by Cabinet ministers.
  • Increase oversight powers of the Ethics Commissioner to request additional information about the content of meetings.
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NDP

Bring in tougher penalties in the Conflict of Interest Act and fully ban cash-for-access events.

Green

  • Strengthen the Conflict of Interest Act to include financial and other penalties for breaking the law.
  • Impose strict conflict of interest screening criteria for appointments to federal regulatory boards and agencies.

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Diversity in politics

Liberal

  • Ensure another gender-balanced Cabinet reflecting the diversity of Canada.
  • Improve diversity in appointments to federal agencies and bodies, and promote more qualified diverse Canadians to senior positions within the public service.

NDP

Reform the electoral system and introduce legislation to encourage political parties to run more women candidates.

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Electoral reform

NDP

  • Bring in Mixed Member Proportional Representation in a first mandate in government.
  • Establish an independent citizen's assembly to recommend how to put it in place for the next election.
  • After that election is held, hold a referendum to confirm the choice.

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Green

  • Ensure that the 2019 election is the last "first past the post" election.
  • Launch a Citizens Assembly on Electoral Reform mandated to make recommendations on an electoral system that would "make every vote count".
  • Recommendations would be implemented in time for the 2023 election.

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Government Transparency

Green

  • Scrap all fees except the filing fee on Access to Information requests.
  • Provide enforceable deadlines.
  • Authorize the Information Commissioner to order the release of information.
  • Place the administration of parliament, the PMO, and ministers' offices within ATI.

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Government advertising

NDP

Empower the Auditor General to review taxpayer-funded government advertising to make sure that it is non-partisan.

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Government security

Conservative

  • Conduct periodic cyber security penetration testing on all government departments.
  • Establish a Cabinet Committee on Cyber Security and Data Privacy.

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Intergovernmental cooperation

Green

Establish a Council of Canadian Governments, including federal, provincial, territorial, local, and Indigenous governments, to set higher order policy priorities, with the goal of optimizing public spending.

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Lobbying

Conservative

  • Prohibit those charged with a criminal offence from lobbying for changes to laws that would benefit them in their own criminal proceeding.
  • Increase oversight powers of the Lobbying Commissioner to request additional information about the content of meetings.
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NDP

Prohibit corporations facing criminal charges from lobbying elected officials.
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Green

Strengthen the Lobbying Act to require greater transparency and prevent “revolving doors” between political life, the public service and lobbying.

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Municipal government

Green

  • Encourage City Charters to give more autonomy to cities.
  • Reduce interest rates to municipalities on loans for infrastructure.
  • Create a Municipal Fund for federal transfers to municipalities, with double current funding.
  • Allocate 1% of GDP to municipal infrastructure and housing.

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Parliamentary reform

Liberal

  • Allocate more time for debating and voting on Private Members' Business.
  • Introduce new technology or other institutional changes to connect MPs with constituents.
  • Eliminate the use of whip and party lists in calling on MPs who wish to speak.
  • Provide more resources to committees.

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Green

  • Direct the Speaker to enforce existing rules to minimize the power of party whips over individual MPs.
  • Set up an all-party commission to select a board deciding Governor-in-Council appointments.
  • Strengthen the role and independence of parliamentary officers.

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Public bidding

Green

Require successful bidders on federal infrastructure contracts to maximize spin-off community benefits of such contracts.

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Public service whistleblowers

Conservative

  • Shift burden of proof from whistleblowers to employers in cases of reprisals.
  • Provide legal & procedural advice to any public servant seeking to make a protected disclosure or file a reprisal complaint.
  • Expand current protections to include those working on government contracts.
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Green

Reaffirm the independence and integrity of the public service and strengthen whistle-blower protections for public service employees.

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The Senate

NDP

  • Work with the provinces towards abolishing the Senate.
  • Insist the Senate change its rules to prevent Senators holding up legislation already adopted by the Commons.

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Voting age

NDP

Lower the voting age to 16.

Green

Lower the voting age to 16.



Government Services & Crown Corporations

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Canada Post

NDP

Restore door-to-door mail delivery to all communities.

Green

  • Reverse recent cuts to home postal delivery.
  • Upgrade Canada Post to EVs.
  • Establish "last mile" delivery using zero-emission vehicles in urban centres.
  • Have mail carriers check on those with mobility issues or who live alone.
  • Use post offices as resource centres & meeting spaces.

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Child care

Liberal

  • Create up to 250,000 more child care spaces for kids under 10.
  • Lower child care fees for before and after school programmes by 10%.

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NDP

Develop a national, public, universal child care programme.
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Green

  • Dedicate resources to making a universal, affordable, early learning and child-care system.
  • Increase federal child care funding to achieve at least 1% of GDP, with an additional $1 billion each year until 1% is reached.
  • Eliminate GST on construction costs for child-care spaces.

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Public broadcasting

Liberal

  • Strengthen the regional mandate of CBC/RadioCanada so that local stations can broadcast more local news.
  • Require CBC/Radio-Canada to open up its digital platform so that journalism start-ups & community newspapers can access affordable technology to develop & distribute content.

NDP

Increase funding for the CBC and Radio-Canada.

Green

  • Increase funding to CBC and Radio Canada by $315 million per year until the per-capital level of funding is equal to that of the BBC.
  • Reform the governance of CBC - Radio Canada to remove potential for political interference in board appointments.



Health

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Assisted dying

Green

Amend the Medical Assistance in Dying legislation to ensure everyone has the choice of dying with dignity.

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Autism

Conservative

  • Work with stakeholders to develop a National Autism Strategy.
  • Invest $50 million over five years to develop a comprehensive strategy in consultation with autistic individuals, autism organizations, governments, and Indigenous communities.

NDP

Implement a national Autism strategy to coordinate support for research, ensure access to needs-based services, promote employment, and help expand housing options.

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Blood system

Green

Prohibit for-profit blood collection services and remove unscientific barriers to blood donations.

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Dementia

NDP

Include a funded national dementia strategy as part of a National Seniors Strategy working with provinces, territories, and Indigenous governments.
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Green

Develop and fund a national dementia strategy in collaboration with health professionals and provincial/territorial governments, to improve quality of life for patients and care givers, increase awareness, and reduce stigma.

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Dental care

NDP

Work with provinces, health professionals, and dentists to develop a roadmap to include dental care in the Canada Health Act.

Green

Expand the single-payer Medicare model to include free dental care for low-income Canadians.

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Disabilities

Conservative

  • Decrease the number of hours spent per week on life-sustaining therapy needed to qualify for the Disability Tax Credit from 14 to 10.
  • Expand the definition of what counts as life-sustaining therapy.

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NDP

  • Uphold the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and strengthen the Accessibility Act to cover all federal agencies equal.
  • Launch a full review of income security programmes.
  • Expand employment programmes.
  • Extend EI sickness benefits to 50 weeks.

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Eye care

NDP

Make regular eye care available to everyone.

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Health research

Liberal

Invest $30m next year in pediatric cancer research.

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Health transfers

Green

Restore the federal/provincial Health Accord, basic health transfers on demographics and health care needs in each province.

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Hearing care

NDP

Make regular hearing care available to everyone.

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Home & long-term care

NDP

Work with patients, caregivers, and provincial and territorial governments to develop national care standards for home care and long-term care that will be amended into the Canada Health Act.

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Mental health

Liberal

Invest $2 million / year more in mental health and sexual education hotlines.

NDP

Make mental health care available at no cost for people who need it.

Green

  • Negotiate the Canada Health Accord to prioritize expansion of mental health and rehabilitation services, among other things.
  • Establish a national mental health strategy and suicide prevention strategy.
  • Fund organizations offering LGBTQI2+ youth mental health programmes.

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Natural health products

NDP

Regulate natural health products under stand-alone legislation.

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Prescription drug coverage

Liberal

Take next steps to implement national universal pharmacare for drug coverage at an affordable price.

NDP

Expand Medicare to include quality prescription drug coverage for everyone, with a late 2020 start date, and an annual federal investment of $10 billion.

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Green

  • Expand the single-payer Medicare model to include Pharmacare for everyone.
  • Create a bulk drug purchasing agency to reduce drug patent protection periods.

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Safe access to abortion

NDP

Enforce the Canada Health Act to make sure provinces make medical and surgical abortion available in all parts of the country, without barriers.

Green

Negotiate the Canada Health Accord to prioritize access to safe abortion services, among other things.

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Wait times and access

Liberal

  • Make sure every Canadian has access to a family doctor or primary health care team.
  • Make home care and palliative care more available across the country.

Conservative

  • Invest $1.5 billion in a first term to purchase MRI machines and CT machines to replace and add machines across the country.
  • Provide $15 million to implement the Framework on Palliative Care in Canada.

NDP

Work with the provinces and territories to tackle wait times and improve access to primary care across the country.

Green

Negotiate the Canada Health Accord to prioritize reduction in wait times, among other things.

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Women's & reproductive health

Liberal

  • Work with provinces and territories to make sure sexual & reproductive health medications are covered under national pharmacare.
  • Work with the Canadian Institutes of Health Research to integrate sex & gender-based analyses.
  • Create a National Institute for Women's Health Research.

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NDP

Ensure a full range of prescription contraceptives and reproductive health care options are easily accessible at no cost through Medicare and a national pharmacare programme.



Housing

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Home heating

Conservative

Remove the GST from home heating costs.

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Home ownership

Liberal

  • Introduce a new First-Time Home Buyer Incentive giving up to 10% off the purchase price of a first home.
  • Increase the qualifying value to nearly $800,000 in places where houses cost more.

Conservative

  • Modify the mortgage stress test to ensure first-time homebuyers aren't unnecessarily prevent from accessing mortgages.
  • Remove the stress test from mortgage renewals.
  • Increase amortization periods to 30 years for first-time homebuyers.

NDP

Introduce 30-year terms to CMHC insured mortgages on entry-level homes for first-time home buyers, while doubling the Home Buyer's Tax Credit to $1,500.

Green

Eliminate the first-time home buyer grant.

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Housing supply

Conservative

  • Make surplus federal real estate available for development to increase the supply of housing.
  • Introduce a Build More Homes Competition for municipalities.

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NDP

Create 500,000 units of quality, affordable housing in the next ten years, with half of that done within five years.

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Green

  • Legislate housing as a legally protected fundamental human right for all Canadians and permanent residents.
  • Appoint a Minister of Housing.
  • Target 25,000 new and 15,000 rehabilitated units annually for the next 10 years.
  • Increase funding.
  • Create a co-op housing strategy.

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Speculation

Liberal

Put in place a consistent national tax on vacant residential properties owned by non-Canadians who don't live in Canada.

Conservative

  • Launch an inquiry into money laundering in the real estate sector.
  • Work with industry partners to eliminate practices that inflate housing prices.

NDP

Put in place a Foreign Buyer's tax on the sale of homes to individuals who aren't Canadian citizens or permanent residents, while working with provinces to create a public beneficial ownership registry to increase transparency about who owns properties.

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Human Rights

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Accessibility

Liberal

Invest $40 million / year in a national workplace accessibility fund, with focus on making small and medium-sized businesses more accessible.

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Ban on blood donation

Liberal

Support the implementation of a behaviour-based model, replacing the blood ban.

NDP

End the ban on blood donation by men who have sex with anyone assigned male at birth, and put in place policies for behaviour-based screening.

Green

Remove unscientific barriers to blood donations.

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Conversion therapy & intersex surgery

Liberal

Prohibit conversion therapy.

NDP

Ban conversion therapy for minors in Canada and work with provinces and territories to eliminate the practice.

Green

Ban and condemn the practice of medically unnecessary surgeries on intersex children, and the practice of conversion therapy, in all its forms.

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Cooperation with torture

Green

Investigate allegations by the UN Human Rights Committee of Canadian officials cooperating with foreign agencies known to use torture.

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Detainment for anti-terrorism

Green

Amend the Anti-Terrorism Act and the Public Safety Act to require that, after a reasonable period, formal charges be brought against all those detained.

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Gender-affirmation

NDP

Ensure equal access to gender-affirming surgery, with procedures and medications covered by public health plans.

Green

  • Ensure access to sexual health care and gender affirming health care, including hormone treatments and blockers, and gender confirmation surgeries.
  • Ensure that trans, non-binary, and Two Spirit people, without undertaking surgeries, are able to alter their sex designation.

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Gender-based violence

Liberal

Invest an additional $30 million to develop a National Action Plan for gender-based violence.
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NDP

  • Develop a National Action Plan to end gender-based violence, backed by funding to ensure shelter services and other programmes are available in all regions.
  • Promote domestic violence leave policies in workplaces.
  • Address violence against Indigenous women, LGBTQI2s+ people.

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Green

  • Develop a Canada-wide action plan with a timetable and dedicated funding to eliminate violence against women, girls, and gender-diverse people.
  • Implement the recommendations of the IMMIWG.
  • Invest $40m over four years in the Shelter Enhancement Programme.

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Gender-based work discrimination & pay inequity

Liberal

  • Invest $9 million over three years in helping visible minority newcomer women find and keep a good job.
  • Work with economic development, agricultural, and trade organizations to ensure that underrepresented communities are better served and able to find and keep middle class jobs.

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NDP

Prioritize pay equity to put an end to gender-based wage discrimination, require employers to be transparent about pay, and enforce pro-active pay equity legislation and regulations right away.

Green

Fully implement federal pay equity rules.

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Hate crimes

Liberal

  • Strengthen the Anti-Racism Strategy and double its funding.
  • Boost funding for community-led initiatives to promote inclusion and combat racism.
  • Improve the quality and amount of data StatsCan does regarding hate crimes.

NDP

Ensure all major cities have dedicated hate crime units within local police forces and convene a national working group to counter online hate.

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LGBTQI2+ awareness

Liberal

Invest $10 million / year more, over three years, in LGBTQ2 organizations.

Green

Fund community-driven education and awareness programmes that lead to a greater understanding of intersex realities and diversity of sexualities and gender identities, and referral programmes to direct for trans, non-binary, and Two Spirit people to appropriate services.

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LGBTQI2S+ work discrimination

NDP

Add sexual orientation, gender identity, and gender expression to the Employment Equity Act.

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Online hate

Liberal

Introduce regulations for social media platforms, requiring all platforms remove illegal content, including hate speech, within 24 hours or face significant financial penalties.

NDP

  • Convene a national working group to counter online hate and protect public safety.
  • Make social media platforms responsible for removing hateful and extremist content.

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Race-based work discrimination

Liberal

Enhance the Youth Employment Strategy, and ensure upcoming State of Youth reports take an intersectional approach including race.

NDP

  • Conduct a comprehensive review of the existing employment equity regime and help close the racialized wage gap.
  • Strengthen labour laws and ensure diverse and equitable hiring within the federal public service and federally regulated industries.

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Green

  • Fully implement federal pay equity rules.
  • Enhance use of Community Benefits Agreements to increase economic inclusion and opportunity for marginalized communities of colour.

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Racism and bias in justice

Liberal

Invest $11 million over four years to ensure all officials in Canada's enforcement and security agencies have access to unconscious bias and cultural competency training.
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NDP

  • Form a national task force to end over-representation of Indigenous peoples and Black Canadians in the federal prison system.
  • Develop culturally appropriate bail programmes.
  • Increase restorative justice, judicial discretion in sentencing.
  • Further integrate the Gladue principles.

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Racism in law enforcement

NDP

Ban carding by federal law enforcement, work with local partners to end it in all jurisdictions, and review all information obtained through carding and retained and examine how it has been shared between police forces and government agencies.

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Sexuality-discriminatory legislation

Green

Repeal all federal laws and policies that discriminate on the basis of sexuality, including Section 159 of the Criminal Code, and that refer to intersex reality as a defect, aberration, or by any other derogatory terms.

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Sex work

Green

  • Reform sex work laws in Canada with a clear focus on harm reduction.
  • Make the industry legal.
  • Increase funding to bolster investigations and convictions in human trafficking cases.
  • Increase funding of organizations helping those driven to sex work by economic deprivation.

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Illicit Drugs & Overdoses

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Decriminalization of drugs

NDP

  • Work with all levels of government, experts, and Canadians to end criminalization of drug addiction.
  • Work with provinces to support overdose prevention sites and expand access to treatment on demand for people struggling with addiction.

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Opioid crisis

Liberal

  • New investments to help provinces and territories expand community-based services, build more in-patient rehab beds, and scale up programmes, such as safe consumption sites.
  • Make drug treatment court the default for first-time non-violent offenders charged with simple possession.

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Conservative

Revise the Canadian drugs and substance strategy to focus on helping Canadians recover from addiction.

NDP

Declare a public health emergency and launch an investigation into the role drug companies may have played in the opioid crisis, seeking meaningful financial compensation for public costs.

Green

  • Declare a national health emergency.
  • Increase funding to community-based organizations to test drugs make Naloxone kits widely available.

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Immigration, Refugees, & Borders

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CBSA

Green

Reintroduce legislation to establish a Civilian Complaints and Review Commission for the Canada Border Services Agency.

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ESL and FSL training

Green

Allocate much greater funding for training in official languages for new immigrants through earmarked transfers to the provinces for primary and secondary public school and free night school programmes.

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Economic immigration

Liberal

  • Increase immigration modestly with a focus on highly-skilled people.
  • Create a Municipal Nominee Programme allowing local communities, chambers of commerce, and local labour councils to directly sponsor immigrants.
  • Make the Atlantic Immigration Pilot permanent.

Conservative

  • Increase the number of points awarded for a job offer under the Express Entry Program.
  • Match international students finished university with jobs.
  • Provide new economic immigrants info about opportunities outside of urban centres.
  • Rework the Temporary Foreign Workers Program.

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NDP

  • Make sure that our immigration policies and levels meet Canada’s labour force needs and recognize people’s experiences, contributions, and ties to Canada.
  • Work with the provinces to address gaps in settlement services and improve foreign credentials recognition.

Green

  • Eliminate the Temporary Foreign Workers Program.
  • Address labour shortages by increasing immigration.

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Family reunification

NDP

End cap on applications to sponsor parents and grandparents, and take on the backlogs that delay reunification.

Green

Speed up family reunification, especially reuniting children with their parents.

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Foreign credentials

NDP

Work with the provinces to address gaps in settlement services and improve foreign credentials recognition.

Green

  • Ensure professionals considered for immigration are aware of licensing requirements for their professions.
  • Create a robust system for evaluating education and training credentials of immigrants.

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Here without official status

Green

  • Establish a programme to process ~200,000 people living in Canada without official status, with a pathway to permanent residency for those who qualify.
  • Ensure "lost Canadians" being denied citizenship through archaic laws are protected and their citizenship restored.

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Immigrant caregivers

NDP

Treat caregivers brought to Canada with respect and dignity, providing them with status and allowing them to reunite with their families without delay.

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Immigration consultancy & affordability

Liberal

Make the citizenship application process free for those who have fulfilled requirements needed to obtain it.

NDP

Regulate the immigration consultancy industry.

Green

  • Regulate the immigration consulting industry to ensure universally fair, legal and accessible services to help people navigate the immigration system.
  • Increase penalties for consultants convicted of human smuggling and devote more resources to investigation and enforcement.

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Multicultural integration

Green

  • Work with municipalities and provinces to improve integration of new Canadians into the multicultural fabric.
  • Assist cultural organizations to obtain charitable status.
  • Increase funding of multicultural associations providing immigrant support programmes.

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Refugees

Liberal

Introduce a permanent, dedicated refugee stream for human rights advocates, journalists, and humanitarian workers at risk, resettling up to 250 people / year.

Conservative

  • Remove the cap on privately sponsored refugees.
  • Ensure departmental resources are sufficiently focused on privately sponsored refugees.
  • Prioritize genocide survivors, LGBTQ+ refugees, and internally displaced people in the Government-Assisted Refugees program.
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NDP

  • Get rid of refugee backlog.
  • Work with Canadians to resettle refugees and ensure they're given needed support to build successful lives and new homes.
  • Establish a clear and permanent path for resettlement of LGBTQI2S+ refugees to Canada.

Green

Lead a national discussion to define the term “environmental refugee,” advocate for its inclusion as a refugee category in Canada, and accept an appropriate share of the world’s environmental refugees into Canada.

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Safe Third Country agreement

Liberal

Work with the government of the United States to modernize the Safe Third Country Agreement.

NDP

Suspend the Safe Third Country agreement with the United States, allowing people to make asylum claims at official border crossings.

Green

Terminate Canada's Safe Third Country Agreement with the United States.



Indigenous Issues

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Drinking water

Liberal

Eliminate all long-term drinking water advisories on reserve by 2021.

NDP

Make investments required to ensure clean water and lift all drinking water advisories by 2021.

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Green

Develop a national water strategy in partnership with provinces, territories, municipal/local governments, and Indigenous peoples, to ensure safe drinking water.

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Grassy Narrows

NDP

Build a treatment centre for residents affected by long-term mercury exposure and compensate families affected by mercury poisoning in Grassy Narrows.

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Indigenous children

Liberal

Ensure the Act Respecting First Nations, Inuit, and Métis Children, Youth, and Families is fully implemented, with long-term, predictable, and sufficient funding to support implementation.

NDP

  • Take action to respect, support, and resource Indigenous jurisdiction over child welfare systems, backed with long-term funding guaranteed in legislation.
  • Fully implement the Canadian Human Rights Tribunal orders.
  • Implement the Spirit Bear Plan.
  • Implement Jordan's Principle.

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Indigenous culture

Green

  • Implement the Calls to Action from the TRC, and recommendations from the IMMIWG.
  • Work in partnership with the AFN to implement their agenda for the 2019 election.
  • Support and sustain transmission, proliferation, and regeneration of Indigenous cultural works and languages.

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Indigenous education

Liberal

Ensure the Indigenous Languages Act is fully implemented.

NDP

  • Ensure every child has equal access to learning, backed with federal investments.
  • Provide financial support for indigenous youth to continue onto post-secondary.
  • Work with provinces to establish Indigenous history education programmes, led by Indigenous peoples.

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Green

  • Remove 2% cap on increases in education funding for Indigenous students and ensure access to post-secondary education.
  • Ensure every Indigenous child has access to quality education opportunities based on cultural, political, and social priorities of Indigenous governments.

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Indigenous employment

Liberal

  • Establish a national benefits-sharing framework to ensure First Nations directly benefit form major resource projects in their territories.
  • Have at least 5% of federal contracts awarded to Indigenous-led businesses.

NDP

  • Develop a new fiscal relationship between the Crown and Indigenous government.
  • Create jobs through infrastructure and expanded access to broadband Internet and cell service.
  • Commit to Indigenous entrepreneurs.
  • Create a Northern Infrastructure Fund for roads and Internet.

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Indigenous health care

Liberal

  • Co-develop distinctions-based Indigenous Health legislation, backed with investments.
  • Work with First Nations communities to ensure Indigenous control over the development and delivery of services.

NDP

  • Support Indigenous health self-determination.
  • Improve mental health and addiction treatment services, including an action plan to prevent suicide, backed by dedicated federal resources.
  • Ensure availability of culturally appropriate home and long-term care for Elders.

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Green

  • Uphold Jordan's Principle in full.
  • Implement Calls to Action 18-24 from the Truth and Reconciliation Commission.
  • Support First Nations, Métis, and Inuit rebuilding traditional knowledge systems.

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Indigenous housing

NDP

  • Implement co-developed First Nations, Métis, and Inuit housing strategies with sustainable and dedicated funding for urban, rural, and remote communities.
  • Tackle the mould crisis.
  • Make resources available to make homes greener and more energy efficient.

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Indigenous rights

Liberal

  • Implement the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples by the end of 2020.
  • Develop a framework for repatriating cultural property and ancestral remains.
  • Work with First Nations to implement the TRC and IMMIWG.
  • Support processes for reconstituting nations.

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Conservative

Appoint a Minister for Consulting Indigenous Rights Holders.
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NDP

  • Co-develop a National Action Plan for Reconciliation.
  • Establish a National Council for Reconciliation.
  • Replace consultation with free, prior, and informed consent for Indigenous communities affected by policies.
  • Respect treaties and Inuit and Métis self-determination.

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Green

  • Honour treaties and respect the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.
  • Make Indigenous nations equal partners in setting national policy priorities.
  • Fully implement the TRC and MMIWG report.
  • Develop a national strategy for housing, water, food, and healthcare.

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Indigenous self-determination

Green

  • Formally repudiate the doctrine of terra nullius, the doctrine of discovery, and other doctrines of superiority.
  • Establish processes for self-governing Indigenous Peoples and nations to transition out form under the Indian Act.
  • Implement UNDRIP and RCAP recommendations.

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Indigenous theatre

NDP

Provide financial support for Indigenous theatre at the National Arts Centre.

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Indigenous women, LGBTQI2S+

NDP

  • Implement the National Inquiry's Calls for Justice, including a comprehensive plan to address violence against Indigenous women, girls, and LGBTQI2S+ people.
  • Ensure gender equality for First Nations status.
  • Ensure equitable access and self-determination.

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On-reserve services & infrastructure

Liberal

Address critical infrastructure needs such as housing, all-weather roads, high-speed Internet, health facilities, treatment centres, and schools in First Nations, Inuit, and Métis communities by 2030.

NDP

Fund on-reserve emergency management and prevention, including firefighting training and equipment.

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Reconciliation & environment

Liberal

Invest in seeing all First Nations off of diesel by 2030.

NDP

  • Recognize inherent rights, title, and treaty rights.
  • Ensure that First Nations, Inuit, and Métis have a seat at high-level decision making tables to direct climate change efforts.
  • Expand the Indigenous Guardians Program.
  • Develop plans to respond to climate change emergencies.

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Reconciliation & justice

NDP

  • Follow Truth and Reconciliation Commission Calls to Action 30, 31, and 32.
  • Enhance community safety and Indigenous policing, and take steps to end practices such as carding.
  • Ensure fair compensation for St. Anne's residential school, Métis, and day school survivors.

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Treaties & land claims

Liberal

  • Move forward with a new co-developed, distinctions-based process for reviewing, maintaining, and enforcing Canada's treaty obligations, supported by a new National Treaty Commissioner's Office.
  • Work with First Nations to redesign policies on additions-to-reserves.

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Green

  • Uphold Canada's fiduciary responsibility, fulfil Canada's responsibilities and agreements, honour treaties, and respect all rights, including inherent rights of self-government.
  • Work towards an Indigenous Lands and Treaties Tribunal Act.

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International Relations

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Autonomous weapons

Liberal

Develop and support international protocols to ban the development and use of fully autonomous weapons systems.

Green

Ban autonomous weapons and work for a global pact to make them illegal.

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Canadian-manufactured weapons

NDP

Make sure Canadian-made weapons are not fuelling conflict and human rights abuses abroad.

Green

Cancel contracts to provide Saudi Arabia with armoured vehicles and ban importation of Saudi oil.

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Climate crisis leadership

NDP

Have Canada take a global leadership role in helping low-income countries deal with the impacts of climate change.

Green

Lead an international effort to bring international shipping and aviation into the Paris framework. Introduce an international tax for aviation and shipping fuels earmarked for the Global Climate Fund.

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Human rights abroad

Liberal

  • Establish a Canadian Centre for Peace, Order, and Good Government.
  • Provide additional resources for institutions like the ICC and WTO.
  • Develop a framework to transfer seized assets from those who commit human rights abuses to their victims.

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Conservative

Use Canada's Magnitsky legislation to target hostile regimes such as Iran.

NDP

Step up efforts to promote gender equality abroad, with an agenda to promote rights, security, and access to education for women and girls, including ensuring women have a seat at the peace table.

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International assistance

Liberal

  • Increase Canada's international development assistance every year.
  • Ensure greater effectiveness, transparency, and accountability in management and delivery of international development assistance.
  • Spend no less than 10% of our international development assistance on education.

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Conservative

  • Cut 25% of foreign aid spending.
  • Provide additional military and non-military support to Ukraine.

NDP

  • Boost Canada's international development assistance, to contribute 0.7 percent of our Gross National Income to international aid.
  • Help achieve the UN Sustainable Development Goals for 2030.
  • Contribute more to The Global Fund to Fight Aids, Tuberculosis, and Malaria.

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Green

  • Reestablish the Canadian International Development Agency to provide overseas development assistance, untied to Canadian business interests or strategic geopolitics.
  • Increase overseas development assistance to 0.7% of GDP.

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Israel & Palestine

NDP

Work towards a just and lasting two-state solution between Israel and Palestine that respects human rights and international law.

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Nuclear weapons

Green

Sign and ratify the Treaty to Abolish Nuclear Weapons.



Jobs & the Economy

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Adoptive Leave

Conservative

Introduce a 15-week EI adoption leave modelled on the EI maternity leave. Income received will be tax-free.
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Auto industry

NDP

  • Meet with provincial, municipal, industry, and labour leaders to develop a consensus on a National Automotive Strategy to attract and retain jobs and investment.
  • Restore the Automotive Innovation Fund and make contributions to automakers tax-free.

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Banking and credit cards

Green

  • Limit credit card interest rates to 10 percentage points over the Bank of Canada prime rate.
  • Limit ATM fees to $1 per transaction, and prohibit financial institutions from charging their own customers ATM fees.

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Clean energy jobs

Liberal

Invest $100 million in skills training for qualified workers to keep up with energy audits, retrofits, and net-zero home construction.

NDP

Create 300,000 jobs in the first four years with a focus on clean energy, sustainable infrastructure, and boosting energy efficiency.

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Employment Insurance

Liberal

  • Introduce a Career Insurance Benefit, providing an additional 20% of insured earnings in the first year following a layoff and an extra 10% in the second year, without being clawed back.
  • Extend EI sickness benefits to 26 weeks.
  • Create an EI Disaster Assistance benefit.

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NDP

Put in place a universal qualifying threshold of 360 hours, restore the appeals system, increase the income replacement, create a low income supplement, extend sickness benefits to 50 weeks, expand access to re-training, and protect the EI Operating Account in law.

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Entrepreneurship & small business

Liberal

  • Create the Canada Entrepreneur Account, administered through the Business Development Bank, to provide up to 2000 entrepreneurs with up to $50,000 each.
  • Cut the cost of federal incorporation to $50.
  • Eliminate fees.
  • Eliminate the 'swipe fee' on HST and GST for credit transactions.

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Conservative

  • Repeal tax increases on small business investments.
  • Exempt spouses from tax increases on small business dividends.
  • Make it easier to navigate tax system.
  • Reduce federal regulations by 25%.
  • Implement a 2-for-1 rule for new regulations.
  • Assign a Minister to lead red tape reduction.

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Fair trade

Liberal

  • Introduce new rules to streamline trade inside Canada by promoting mutual recognition of standards, such as professional licenses.
  • Actively assert federal jurisdiction where needed.
  • Create a Canada Free Trade Tribunal to resolve cases where domestic trade barriers may exist.

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NDP

Directly engage with Canadians on expected costs and benefits of potential trade deals, ensure all agreements are consistent with the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, and protect against measures that weaken pharmacare, cultural protections, or privacy rights.

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Green

  • Align national trade with climate change plans.
  • Protect supply management.
  • Facilitate effort to reform the WTO.
  • Renegotiate Canada's trade and investment agreements to remove Investor State Dispute Settlement provisions.

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Financial advice

NDP

Require financial advisors to offer advice that is in a person's best financial interest.

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Interprovincial trade

Conservative

  • Convene a first ministers' meeting to establish a new comprehensive and effective free trade agreement.
  • Expand the Red Seal programme.
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Investment in industries

NDP

Update the Investment Canada Act to protect Canadian jobs and reduce frequency of foreign investor takeovers of Canadian companies without national security reviews. Replace the Invest in Canada agency with a one-stop shop to attract investors to Canada, called iCanada.

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Jobs in oil, gas, and coal

Green

Ensure a just transition for oil, gas, and coal sector workers.

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Manufacturing jobs

Conservative

  • Review the tax system to improve Canada's competitiveness, including in the manufacturing sector.
  • Reduce the regulatory burden by 25%.
  • Diversify Canada's trade toward emerging markets and reduce dependence on the US by signing free trade agreements with Mercosur, ASEAN, & the UK.
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NDP

  • Develop a national industrial strategy to build an advanced low-carbon manufacturing economy.
  • Grow the domestic market for Canadian manufactured goods.
  • Provide strategic support for steel and aluminum industries.

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Minimum wage & universal income

Liberal

Introduce a $15/hour minimum wage starting 2020 and rising with inflation.

NDP

  • Put in place a federal minimum wage of $15/hour, covering over 900,000 workers.
  • Launch a national basic income pilot project.

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Green

  • Establish a universal Guaranteed Livable Income programme.
  • Establish a federal minimum wage of $15/hour.
  • Work with the Council of Canadian Governments and StatsCan to set municipal minimum wages in accordance with the differential costs of living across Canada.

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Minorities in nontraditional fields

NDP

Support more options for women in trades and fields like agriculture, innovation, research, and STEM.

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Overtime

Liberal

Introduce new provisions that give workers the "right to disconnect", allowing them to request that they not work extra hours.

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Part-time and contract work

Liberal

Develop greater labour protections for people who work through digital platforms, often as contract or freelance workers.

NDP

Require that part-time and contract workers be compensated equally to full-time workers.

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Pensions

Liberal

Increase the Canada Pension Plan And Quebec Pension Plan survivor's benefit by 25%.

Conservative

  • Require all federally-regulated companies to report on the solvency of their pension funds.
  • Allow the transfer of underfunded pension plans to a more successful plan.
  • Restrict bonuses for executives of companies going through bankruptcy.
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NDP

Stop companies from paying dividends and bonuses until pensions are fully funded and create a mandatory, industry-financed pension insurance programme.

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Green

  • Increase over time the target income replacement rate of the CPP form 25% to 50% of income received during working years.
  • Require CPP divestment of coal, oil, and gas shares.
  • Establish preeminence of pensioners during company insolvency proceedings.

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Poverty

NDP

  • Enshrine the right to housing in law and start working to end homelessness within a decade.
  • Support the creation of more social housing.
  • Launch a national basic income pilot project.
  • Develop a national, public, universal child care programme.

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Public infrastructure

Liberal

  • Create a National Infrastructure Fund to support major nation-building projects.
  • Support the Newfoundland-Labrador fixed transportation link.
  • Require provinces and territories identify and approve all long-term infrastructure priorities within the next two years.

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Conservative

  • Ensure regions receive a fair share of infrastructure funding with budgets for each.
  • Scrap the Infrastructure Bank.
  • Fund George Massey Tunnel Replacement, Yonge Subway Extension, & 3rd link between Quebec City & Levis.
  • Proceed with projects committed to by the Liberals.

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NDP

  • Partner with provinces territories, First Nations, and municipalities to deliver reliable public infrastructure funding.
  • Use Community Benefit Agreements to guarantee jobs, training, apprenticeships, and support for local businesses with infrastructure.

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Public service

Liberal

  • Entirely eliminate backlog of pay issues resulting from Phoenix.
  • Reduce time to hire new public servants to average of five months.
  • Have all major projects led by certified professionals with at least five years experience.
  • Reduce number of significant deficiencies.

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NDP

Replace the Phoenix pay system and ensure impacted workers get fair compensation, reduce contracting out of government work, and will take action to put an end to harassment in government workplaces.

Green

  • Respect rights of unionized employees of the public service to bargain by rejecting back-to-work legislation.
  • Establish an Ombudsman to provide help to harassed and demoralized employees.

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Tourism

Liberal

Create a Tourism Community Infrastructure Fund to invest $100 million in the local needs of communities that rely on tourism over the next four years.

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Unpaid internships

NDP

Immediately ban unpaid internships outside of education programmes.

Green

Ban unpaid internships in private sector workplaces, with exception for work-study or experiential learning placements associated with for-credit courses at post-secondary institutions.



Justice, Crime, & Law Enforcement

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Cannabis

NDP

Proactively expunge criminal records for Canadians convicted of minor cannabis possession.
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Green

  • Lower federally set price for cannabis, making it competitive with illegal supplies.
  • Eliminate requirements for excess packaging.
  • Remove sales tax on medicinal products.
  • Exempt CBD from the restrictions of the Prescriptions List.

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Civil & family justice services

Green

Reform the policy, legislation, programming, and funding framework for Canada's superior courts so that civil and family justice services become more accessible to Canadians.

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Correctional workers

Liberal

Expand the Memorial Grant Programme to include correctional workers by the end of 2020.

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Deferred Prosecution Agreements & SNC-Lavalin scandal

Liberal

Implement all recommendations put forward by the Hon. Anne McLellan in her review of the role and structure of the Minister of Justice and Attorney General.

Conservative

  • Launch a judicial inquiry into the SNC-Lavalin scandal.
  • Allow the RCMP to access information protected by cabinet confidence by making an application to the Supreme Court.

NDP

  • Immediately launch an independent public inquiry into alleged attempts from the Prime Minister's office to interfere in the former Attorney General decision-making authority.
  • Prohibit corporations facing criminal charges from lobbying elected officials.

Green

  • Develop a clear framework for use of Deferred Prosecution Agreements and require the Director of Public Prosecutions to report on negotiated DPAs.
  • Implement McLellan Report recommendations for a clear written exchange of views between ministers.

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Extremism & terrorism

Liberal

  • Invest additional $6 million in the Canada Centre for Community Engagement and Prevention of Violence.
  • Invest resources to counter the rise of international far-right networks and terrorist organizations.
  • Create a Director of Terrorism Prosecutions.
  • Create a review body for CBSA.

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NDP

  • Address radicalization by focusing on keeping youth from violent extremism through support for community-led initiatives.
  • Work with international allies, enhance real-time oversight of security services, and fully respect privacy and Charter rights of all Canadians.

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Gangs

Liberal

  • Invest an additional $50m each year for five years in dedicated funding to help municipalities meet the needs of communities at risk.
  • Work to expand successful diversion programmes to keep at-risk youth out of the criminal justice system.

Conservative

  • End automatic bail for gang members awaiting trial and revoke parole for those who associate with their former gang following release.
  • Identify known gangs as criminal entities.
  • Bring in tougher sentences including 5-year mandatory prison sentence for violent gang crime.

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NDP

Ensure communities have access to funding for anti-gang projects to deter at-risk youth from joining gangs.

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Guns

Liberal

  • Ban all military-style assault rifles, including a buyback programme.
  • Work with provinces & territories to give municipalities the ability to further restrict or ban handguns.
  • Don't bring back the long-gun registry.
  • Make sure CBSA & RCMP can detect and stop weapons at border.

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Conservative

  • Create a CBSA firearms smuggling task force to intercept illegal firearms at the Canada-US border.
  • Strengthen background checks for gun licenses and make it a crime to provide a firearm to anyone who has been prohibiting from owning one.

NDP

Keep assault weapons and illegal handguns off streets and tackle gun smuggling and organized crime.

Green

  • Ensure illegal handguns are intercepted.
  • Redirect CBSA resources to weapons smuggling.
  • Launch a confidential buyback programme for handguns and assault weapons.

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Human trafficking

Conservative

  • Strengthen human trafficking laws, including consecutive sentences for those who are convicted on multiple counts of human trafficking.
  • Ensure Canada meets commitments under the Palermo Protocol.

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Legal aid & access to justice

Liberal

  • Provide free legal aid to survivors of sexual assault and intimate partner violence.
  • Require all judges to take training on sexual assault law.
  • Enable hiring of as many as 425 new Crown prosecutors and 225 new judges.

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NDP

Increase federal funding for legal aid programmes across the country.

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