This is a page from the 2019 Canadian general election.

Indigenous Issues

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Drinking water

Liberal

Eliminate all long-term drinking water advisories on reserve by 2021.

NDP

Make investments required to ensure clean water and lift all drinking water advisories by 2021.

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Green

Develop a national water strategy in partnership with provinces, territories, municipal/local governments, and Indigenous peoples, to ensure safe drinking water.

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Grassy Narrows

NDP

Build a treatment centre for residents affected by long-term mercury exposure and compensate families affected by mercury poisoning in Grassy Narrows.

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Indigenous children

Liberal

Ensure the Act Respecting First Nations, Inuit, and Métis Children, Youth, and Families is fully implemented, with long-term, predictable, and sufficient funding to support implementation.

NDP

  • Take action to respect, support, and resource Indigenous jurisdiction over child welfare systems, backed with long-term funding guaranteed in legislation.
  • Fully implement the Canadian Human Rights Tribunal orders.
  • Implement the Spirit Bear Plan.
  • Implement Jordan's Principle.

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Indigenous culture

Green

  • Implement the Calls to Action from the TRC, and recommendations from the IMMIWG.
  • Work in partnership with the AFN to implement their agenda for the 2019 election.
  • Support and sustain transmission, proliferation, and regeneration of Indigenous cultural works and languages.

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Indigenous education

Liberal

Ensure the Indigenous Languages Act is fully implemented.

NDP

  • Ensure every child has equal access to learning, backed with federal investments.
  • Provide financial support for indigenous youth to continue onto post-secondary.
  • Work with provinces to establish Indigenous history education programmes, led by Indigenous peoples.

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Green

  • Remove 2% cap on increases in education funding for Indigenous students and ensure access to post-secondary education.
  • Ensure every Indigenous child has access to quality education opportunities based on cultural, political, and social priorities of Indigenous governments.

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Indigenous employment

Liberal

  • Establish a national benefits-sharing framework to ensure First Nations directly benefit form major resource projects in their territories.
  • Have at least 5% of federal contracts awarded to Indigenous-led businesses.

NDP

  • Develop a new fiscal relationship between the Crown and Indigenous government.
  • Create jobs through infrastructure and expanded access to broadband Internet and cell service.
  • Commit to Indigenous entrepreneurs.
  • Create a Northern Infrastructure Fund for roads and Internet.

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Indigenous health care

Liberal

  • Co-develop distinctions-based Indigenous Health legislation, backed with investments.
  • Work with First Nations communities to ensure Indigenous control over the development and delivery of services.

NDP

  • Support Indigenous health self-determination.
  • Improve mental health and addiction treatment services, including an action plan to prevent suicide, backed by dedicated federal resources.
  • Ensure availability of culturally appropriate home and long-term care for Elders.

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Green

  • Uphold Jordan's Principle in full.
  • Implement Calls to Action 18-24 from the Truth and Reconciliation Commission.
  • Support First Nations, Métis, and Inuit rebuilding traditional knowledge systems.

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Indigenous housing

NDP

  • Implement co-developed First Nations, Métis, and Inuit housing strategies with sustainable and dedicated funding for urban, rural, and remote communities.
  • Tackle the mould crisis.
  • Make resources available to make homes greener and more energy efficient.

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Indigenous rights

Liberal

  • Implement the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples by the end of 2020.
  • Develop a framework for repatriating cultural property and ancestral remains.
  • Work with First Nations to implement the TRC and IMMIWG.
  • Support processes for reconstituting nations.

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Conservative

Appoint a Minister for Consulting Indigenous Rights Holders.
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NDP

  • Co-develop a National Action Plan for Reconciliation.
  • Establish a National Council for Reconciliation.
  • Replace consultation with free, prior, and informed consent for Indigenous communities affected by policies.
  • Respect treaties and Inuit and Métis self-determination.

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Green

  • Honour treaties and respect the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.
  • Make Indigenous nations equal partners in setting national policy priorities.
  • Fully implement the TRC and MMIWG report.
  • Develop a national strategy for housing, water, food, and healthcare.

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Indigenous self-determination

Green

  • Formally repudiate the doctrine of terra nullius, the doctrine of discovery, and other doctrines of superiority.
  • Establish processes for self-governing Indigenous Peoples and nations to transition out form under the Indian Act.
  • Implement UNDRIP and RCAP recommendations.

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Indigenous theatre

NDP

Provide financial support for Indigenous theatre at the National Arts Centre.

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Indigenous women, LGBTQI2S+

NDP

  • Implement the National Inquiry's Calls for Justice, including a comprehensive plan to address violence against Indigenous women, girls, and LGBTQI2S+ people.
  • Ensure gender equality for First Nations status.
  • Ensure equitable access and self-determination.

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On-reserve services & infrastructure

Liberal

Address critical infrastructure needs such as housing, all-weather roads, high-speed Internet, health facilities, treatment centres, and schools in First Nations, Inuit, and Métis communities by 2030.

NDP

Fund on-reserve emergency management and prevention, including firefighting training and equipment.

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Reconciliation & environment

Liberal

Invest in seeing all First Nations off of diesel by 2030.

NDP

  • Recognize inherent rights, title, and treaty rights.
  • Ensure that First Nations, Inuit, and Métis have a seat at high-level decision making tables to direct climate change efforts.
  • Expand the Indigenous Guardians Program.
  • Develop plans to respond to climate change emergencies.

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Reconciliation & justice

NDP

  • Follow Truth and Reconciliation Commission Calls to Action 30, 31, and 32.
  • Enhance community safety and Indigenous policing, and take steps to end practices such as carding.
  • Ensure fair compensation for St. Anne's residential school, Métis, and day school survivors.

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Treaties & land claims

Liberal

  • Move forward with a new co-developed, distinctions-based process for reviewing, maintaining, and enforcing Canada's treaty obligations, supported by a new National Treaty Commissioner's Office.
  • Work with First Nations to redesign policies on additions-to-reserves.

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Green

  • Uphold Canada's fiduciary responsibility, fulfil Canada's responsibilities and agreements, honour treaties, and respect all rights, including inherent rights of self-government.
  • Work towards an Indigenous Lands and Treaties Tribunal Act.

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