This is a page from the 2021 Canadian federal election.

Human Rights & Equality

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Conversion Therapy

Liberal

  • Within 100 days, reintroduce legislation to ban conversion therapy.
  • Extend the ban to include people over 18 years of age.

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Conservative

  • Ban conversion therapy.
  • Clarify that the ban does not criminalise non-coercive conversations.
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NDP

  • Immediately legislate a ban on conversion therapy.
  • Work with the provinces & territories to support eliminating conversion therapy.
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Green

Ban & condemn the practice of conversion therapy, in all its forms.
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Data Privacy

Conservative

Pass legislation giving Canadians the right to understand & control the collection, use, monitoring, retention, and disclosure of their personal data.
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NDP

  • Bring in legislation to prevent credit & debit card companies from selling customers' personal information.
  • Update privacy legislation to include a digital bill of rights.
  • Increase the powers of the Privacy Commissioner to make & enforce orders & levy finds & penalties.
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Green

  • Enshrine citizens' digital rights, including the right to not be profiled online.
  • Distinguish between demographic profiling & psychometric profiling.
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Employment Discrimination

Liberal

  • Adapt & apply the Canada Business Corporations Act diversity requirements to federally-regulated financial institutions.
  • Require Crown corporations to implement gender & diversity reporting, beginning next year.

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NDP

  • Add sexual orientation, & gender identity & expression to the Employment Equity Act.
  • Conduct a comprehensive review of the existing employment equity regime to help close the racialised wage gap.
  • Strengthen labour laws.
  • Ensure diverse & equitable hiring within the federal public service & federally-regulated industries.
  • Work with the provinces & territories on employment equity legislation.

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Green

Support the 23 recommendations outlined in the LGBT Purge Fund's report "Emerging from the Purge".
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Gender Equity

Liberal

  • Adapt & apply the Canada Business Corporations Act diversity requirements to federally-regulated financial institutions.
  • Require Crown corporations to implement gender & diversity reporting, beginning next year.

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Conservative

  • Implement a national mentorship strategy for women of all ages to prepare & help them network for senior leadership roles in corporations & civil society.
  • Seek out qualified female candidates for federal appointments.
  • Require federally-regulated corporations & federally-mandated organisations to implement recruitment plans to seek out qualified female candidates for senior leadership positions.
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NDP

  • Prioritise pay equity by requiring employers to be transparent about pay & implementing pro-active pay equity legislation & regulations right away.
  • Introduce legislation to encourage political parties to run more women candidates.
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Green

  • Pass pay equity legislation.
  • Immediately implement full pay equity for women employed in the federal sector.
  • Develop tax incentives for companies to meet standards.
  • Establish specific job reentry programmes for women with children.
  • Advocate that all political parties nominate, train, & support more women & gender-diverse candidates.

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Hate Crimes & Hate Speech

Liberal

  • Present a National Action Plan on Combating Hate by 2022 as part of a renewed Anti-Racism Strategy.
  • Establish a National Support Fund for Survivors of Hope-Motivated Crimes to help with uninsured costs for survivors.

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Conservative

  • Clearly criminalise statements that encourage violence against people or identifiable groups, focusing on online incitement.
  • Provide $25M to law enforcement to quickly investigate online threats of violence, hate speech, & disinformation campaigns by foreign governments or extremist groups.
  • Require social media platforms to remove illegal content, such as content that incites violence.
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NDP

  • Work to ensure all major cities have dedicated hate crime units within local police forces.
  • Convene a national working group to counter online hate.
  • Set national standards for identifying & recording all hate incidents.
  • Create a national action plan to dismantle far-right extremist organisations.
  • Make social media platforms legally responsible for removing hateful & extremist content.

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Green

Develop better guidelines to address the weaponisation of free expression to promote hate speech & propaganda.
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Indigenous & Black Incarceration

Liberal

Develop a Black Canadians Justice Strategy to address anti-Black racism and discrimination in the criminal justice system.
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NDP

  • Start a national task force to create a plan to end over-incarceration of Black & Indigenous people.
  • Address the impacts of mandatory minimums.
  • Provide greater judicial discretion in sentencing.
  • Develop culturally appropriate bail programmes.
  • Increase restorative & community justice.
  • Better integrate Gladue principles.
  • Develop & implement an African Canadian Justice Strategy.

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Green

  • Expand on & codify the requirement for sentencing judges to take into account systemic & historical racism.
  • Develop clear laws & guidelines aligned with R. v. Ipeelee & R. v. Gladue.
  • Implement additional laws to reduce incarceration of Indigenous peoples.
  • Eliminate mandatory minimum sentences.

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LGBTQ2 Rights & Opportunities

Liberal

  • Complete the Federal LGBTQ2 Action Plan within 100 days.
  • Provide $40M over 4 years for capacity funding to Canadian LGBTQ2 service organisations.

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Green

  • Establish a funding programme within Health Canada to support community-based organisations offering targeted LGBTQI2+ youth mental health & well-being programmes.
  • Fund community-driven education & awareness programmes & referral programmes.
  • Ban & condemn the practice of medically unnecessary surgeries on intersex children.

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Race-Based Data

NDP

  • Prioritise collecting race-based data on health, employment, policing, & more with the goal of improving outcomes for racialised communities.
  • Work with provinces to improve race-based data collection.
  • Develop reporting & accountability mechanisms alongside racialised & Indigenous communities.
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Racism & Discrimination

Liberal

  • Increase funding to both the Anti-Racism Strategy & the Federal Anti-Racism Secretariat.
  • Increase funding to multicultural community programmes.

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Green

  • Implement all TRC Calls to Action.
  • Implement all Calls to Justice from the Final Report of the National Inquiry into Missing & Murdered Indigenous Women & Girls.
  • Implement the recommendations of the Report of the UN Working Group of Experts on People of African Descent on its Mission to Canada.
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Sex Work

Green

  • Reform sex work laws to focus on harm reduction.
  • Legalise the sex work industry.
  • Increase funding for community organisations providing services to those driven to sex work by economic deprivation.

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Solitary confinement

Green

  • Immediately ensure the Federal Advisory Committee on Prisoner Isolation receives access to required information to monitor the state of solitary confinement in Canada's prisons.
  • Ensure the recommendations of the Office of the Correctional investigator with respect to Structured Intervention Units are implemented.
  • Implement the Senate amendments to Bill C-83.

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The Blood Ban

Conservative

End the blood ban.
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NDP

Immediately end the blood ban and put in place policies based in public health evidence to secure the blood supply.
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Green

End the blood ban.
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Trans Health & Access

NDP

  • Work with the provinces to ensure equal access to gender-affirming surgery across the country, & that gender-affirming procedures & medication is covered by public health plans.
  • Review & eliminate systemic barriers related to gender in the delivery of federal public services.
  • Provide funding to support the creation & expansion of shelters for trans youth.
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Green

  • Negotiate the Canada Health Accord to prioritise access to gender-affirming health services.
  • Listen to feedback on census questions.
  • Ensure trans, non-binary, & Two Spirit people are able to alter their sex designation on all federally-issued documents, without undertaking surgeries.
  • Require accessible facilities in all federal buildings, including gender-neutral washrooms & changing facilities.

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