This is a page from the 2021 Canadian federal election.

Indigenous Relations & Reconciliation

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Drinking Water

Liberal

  • Make any investments necessary to eliminate all remaining advisories.
  • Make sure resources & training are in place to prevent future advisories.
  • Move forward on agreement in principle to resolve national class action litigation.
  • Maintain commitment to invest $6B to ensure sustainable access to clean water for First Nations.

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Conservative

  • Recognise safe drinking water as a fundamental human right.
  • End long-term drinking water advisories.
  • Target high-risk water systems.
  • Work with Indigenous communities to find new approaches, such as regional or coalition-based governance, that will help ensure water systems investments are protected and continue providing clean drinking water in the long term.
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NDP

Make investments required to ensure clean water and lift all drinking water advisories for good now.
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Green

  • Invest in & upgrade critical infrastructure to ensure safe water access & to be able to lift boil water advisories in every community.
  • Support Indigenous-led processes to implement safe drinking water & wastewater management systems.
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Indigenous Broadband

Liberal

Require that those who have purchased rights to build broadband actually do so.

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Conservative

  • Streamline the application process for broadband programs for Indigenous communities.
  • Provide more support & develop more flexible funding arrangements.
  • Provide technical support during the application process.
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NDP

Expand access to broadband Internet & cell service for rural & remote communities.
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Indigenous Businesses

Liberal

  • Expand the Aboriginal Entrepreneurship Program to enable businesses to access a new, zero-interest loan when a 10% advance is not possible.
  • Create a navigator position to help Indigenous entrepreneurs find programs that apply to their situation.
  • Work with all government departments to analyse &, as appropriate, adjust eligibility criteria to ensure programs are inclusive.

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Conservative

  • Provide $4M over 3 years in targeted funding to train local & regional economic development officers.
  • Develop an Indigenous Business Mentorship Program.
  • Update the First Nations Land Management Act.
  • Improve opportunities for Indigenous businesses to receive government contracts by setting active targets, enforcing govt. accountability, and providing constructive feedback for unsuccessful bidders.

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NDP

  • Work with Indigenous communities to support locally-driven economic development.
  • Create good jobs through infrastructure & public service investments.
  • Work with Indigenous entrepreneurs to find solutions for accessing capital & invest in Indigenous social enterprises & entrepreneurship.
  • Prioritise procurement from Indigenous companies where possible.
  • Dedicate regional economic development support.

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Indigenous Children

Liberal

  • Ensure First Nations youth who reach the age of majority receive the supports they need for up to 2 additional years.
  • Implement orders of the Canadian Human Rights Tribunal.
  • Work with Indigenous partners to ensure compensation for those harmed by the First Nations Child & Family Services program.
  • Fully fund Jordan's Principle & Inuit Child First Initiative.
  • Fund needs of Métis children.

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NDP

  • Immediately take action to respect, support, & resource Indigenous jurisdiction over child welfare systems, backed up with long-term, predictable funding guaranteed in legislation.
  • Fully implement Canadian Human Rights Tribunal orders on funding of child welfare services on reserve.
  • Implement the Spirit Bear Plan.
  • Stop litigation against Indigenous children.
  • Fully implement Jordan's Principle.

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Green

  • Recognise that Indigenous children in residential schools have been replaced by Indigenous children in foster care.
  • Stop fighting the Human Rights Tribunal Orders regarding compensation for child & family victims.
  • Ensure non-status First Nations' children living off-reserve have access to Jordan's Principle.
  • Adopt recommendations on funding for First Nations Child & Family Services from the Institute for Fiscal Studies & Democracy's 2020 report.

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Indigenous Education

NDP

  • Implement Shannen's Dream of equitable access to education with federal investments & infrastructure.
  • Provide financial assistance & increased education opportunities for children who grew up in care.
  • Provide support for post-secondary distance learning for rural & remote students.

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Green

  • Ensure access to quality educational opportunities based on expressed cultural, political, & social priorities of Indigenous governments, following meaningful consultation.
  • Support developing Indigenous education curricula that are language & culture-specific.
  • Remove the 2% funding gap for post-secondary education.
  • Support & sustain the transmission, proliferation, & regeneration of Indigenous cultural works & languages.

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Indigenous Health

Liberal

Fully implement Joyce's Principle & ensure it guides work in co-developing distinctions-based Indigenous Health legislation to foster health systems free from racism & discrimination.

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NDP

  • Close the health gap in Indigenous communities.
  • Support health self-determination.
  • Implement Joyce's Principle.
  • Invest in Indigenous healthcare infrastructure, supplies, & diagnostic equipment.
  • Build a treatment centre for residents affected by long-term mercury exposure.
  • Compensate families affected by mercury poisoning in Grassy Narrows.
  • Support food sovereignty.
  • Reform Nutrition North.

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Green

  • Uphold Jordan's Principle in full.
  • Support First Nations, Métis, & Inuit in rebuilding traditional knowledge systems around healing & wellness, including formally including traditional healing within mental wellness & home & community care programmes.
  • Devote sufficient resources for maternal & infant care.
  • Expand access to non-insured health benefits to all Indigenous people, regardless of Status, residency, membership.

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Indigenous Housing

Liberal

  • Invest $2B more in Indigenous housing w/ over half available by next summer.
  • Work w/ Indigenous partners to develop an Urban, Rural, & Northern Indigenous Housing Strategy, with dedicated investments.
  • Work w/ Indigenous partners to create a National Indigenous Housing Centre w/ Indigenous people overseeing federal Indigenous housing programmes.
  • Make additional investments in Indigenous housing.

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Conservative

Enact a "For Indigenous, By Indigenous" housing strategy.
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NDP

  • Work with Indigenous communities to implement a co-developed, fully-funded Indigenous National Housing Strategy within 100 days of assuming office.
  • Address the mould crisis.

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Green

  • Allow Indigenous organisations to access financing through CMHC for self-determined housing needs.
  • Allocate funding toward urban Indigenous housing providers.
  • Develop & implement an Urban, Rural, & Northern Indigenous Housing Strategy.
  • Transfer federal lands & property to off-reserve Indigenous organisations to create housing.
  • Establish a For Indigenous, By Indigenous housing support program.

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Mental Health

Liberal

Commit an additional $1.4B for a distinctions-based mental health & wellness strategy, for a total investment of $2B over 5 years.

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Conservative

  • Provide $1B over 5 years to boost funding for Indigenous mental health and drug treatment programs.
  • Support innovative approaches, such as land-based treatment programs and programs delivered in Indigenous languages.

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NDP

  • Work in partnership with Indigenous communities to improve access to mental health & addiction treatment services both on & off reserve, including an evidence-based action plan to prevent suicide.
  • Dedicate federal resources.

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Green

  • Increase support for Indigenous-led, culturally safe, mental health programs & services.
  • Ensure all programming is guided by the First Nations Mental Wellness Continuum Framework.
  • Establish permanent funding for land-based, trauma-informed, community addictions care for Indigenous peoples.
  • Double the Aboriginal Health Human Resources Initiative's budget.

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Missing & Murdered Indigenous Women & Girls

Liberal

  • Accelerate implementation of the Federal Pathway to Address Missing & Murdered Indigenous Women, Girls and 2SLGBTQQIA+ People with Indigenous partners.
  • Create a standing Federal-Provincial-Territorial table on Missing & Murdered Indigenous Women, Girls, & 2SLGBTQQIA+ People to facilitate & coordinate this work.

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NDP

  • Work with Indigenous women, the families of the missing & murdered, & Indigenous communities to implement the Calls for Justice from the National Inquiry into Missing & Murdered Indigenous Women & Girls.
  • Establish a comprehensive plan to address violence against Indigenous women, girls, & LGBTQI2S+ People.
  • Ensure full gender equality for First Nations status.

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Green

Implement all Calls for Justice from the Final Report of the National Inquiry into Missing & Murdered Indigenous Women & Girls.
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Natural Resources Development

Conservative

  • Work with Indigenous-led organisations to support Indigenous communities partnering on projects.
  • Guarantee loans to Indigenous groups to invest in projects, based on the Alberta Indigenous Opportunities Corporation.
  • Provide $5B for investment in projects.
  • Provide $10M/y to foster collaboration w/ Indigenous groups.
  • Require govt. to consult with Indigenous communities before cancelling projects.

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On-Reserve Funding

NDP

Fund on-reserve emergency management & prevention, including firefighting training & equipment.
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Policing & the Justice System

NDP

  • Remove most mandatory minimum sentences.
  • Increase the discretion of judges during sentencing.
  • Ensure bail programmes are culturally appropriate.
  • Increase funding for community justice programmes focused on healing & restorative justice.
  • Uphold use of Gladue principles.
  • Develop a First Nations justice & policing strategy.
  • Take steps to end discriminatory policing practices.

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Reconciliation

Liberal

  • Provide funding towards the construction of a permanent home for the National Centre for Truth & Reconciliation.
  • Provide sustained financial support for the Centre for core operations.

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NDP

  • Work in partnership with Indigenous peoples to fully implement UNDRIP & the Truth & Reconciliation Commission's 94 Calls to Action.
  • Co-develop a National Action Plan for Reconciliation.
  • Establish a National Council for Reconciliation.
  • Replace consultation with a standard of free, prior, & informed consent.
  • Respect treaties.
  • Ensure funds for commemorating a National Day for Truth & Reconciliation.

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Green

Implement all 94 Truth & Reconciliation Commission Calls to Action.
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Residential Schools

Liberal

  • Build a national monument in Ottawa to honour residential school survivors & victims.
  • Work with Indigenous partners to appoint a Special Interlocutor to work with governments & Indigenous communities to develop a legal & regulatory framework for justice regarding unmarked graves & make recommendations.
  • Provide support for communities doing burial searches at former Day Schools & Indian Hospitals.

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Conservative

  • Develop a comprehensive plan to implement TRC Calls to Action 71 through 76.
  • Fund investigations at all former residential schools with unmarked graves.
  • Develop a detailed set of resources to educate Canadians of all ages about residential schools.
  • Build a national monument.

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NDP

  • Fund the search for grave sites at former residential schools.
  • Fund the maintenance, commemoration, reburial, & protection of residential school cemeteries according to the wishes of Indigenous families, Survivors, & communities.
  • Establish memorials.
  • Appoint a special prosecutor to pursue those involved in residential schools.
  • Require churches & governments to hand over records.
  • Fund healing.

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Green

  • Provide sustainable funding for new & existing Indigenous Healing Centres to address the harms caused by residential schools.
  • Honour the TRC request for funding for work on the Missing Children & Unmarked Burials Project.
  • Call on the Pope to apologise on behalf of the Catholic Church for its involvement in residential schools.
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Self-Determination

Liberal

  • Support Indigenous-led processes to rebuild & reconstitute nations, advance self-determination, & implement treaties, & land claim & self-government agreements with oversight mechanisms to hold the federal government accountable.
  • Support First Nations-led processes to transition away from the Indian Act.
  • Support & fund the revitalisation of Indigenous laws, legal systems, & traditions.

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Conservative

  • Train young Indigenous leaders, including through the Institute of Corporate Directors.
  • Allow the First Nations Finance Authority to monetise government funding.
  • Consult with First Nations to overhaul current funding models, with the goal of making it easier for First Nations to escape Third-Party Management, reduce red tape, and better incentives for moving towards block funding.

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NDP

  • Co-develop a National Action Plan for Reconciliation, including ensuring rights to self-determination & self-government.
  • Support Inuit self-determination.
  • Recognise Métis self-determination & pursue government-to-government negotiations on issues.

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Green

  • Formally repudiate the doctrines of terra nullius, discovery, & others of superiority.
  • Establish a process to transition from the Indian Act, based on free, prior, & informed consent.
  • Implement the recommendations of the 1996 Report of the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples.
  • Work with Indigenous Peoples & their governing institutions on a nation-to-nation basis.
  • Recognise the rights of non-status & Métis as Indigenous.

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Treaties & Land Claims

Green

  • Uphold Canada's fiduciary responsibility, fulfill Canada's responsibilities in agreements, honour treaties, & respect all rights of Indigenous Peoples, including rights of self-government.
  • Work towards creating an Indigenous Lands & Treaties Tribunal Act .
  • Immediately implement the land claims agreements already negotiated & lacking funding, particularly in the territories.

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