This is a page from the 2021 Canadian federal election.

Immigration & Refugees

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Administrative Backlogs

Conservative

  • Create an efficiency mechanism, where those waiting for their applications to be reviewed can pay a fee for expedited processing, with revenue collected going to hiring additional staff for processing.
  • Attempt to identify unutilised resources.
  • Simplify and streamline the application process and eliminate duplication.
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CBSA

Green

Revise all CBSA practices, including operation of immigration detention centres, family separation, & developing an oversight mechanism, including a Civilian Complaint & Review Commission.
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Credential Recognition

Liberal

Work with provinces, territories, & regulatory bodies to improve foreign credential recognition.
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Conservative

Immediately launch a Credential Recognition Task Force to develop new credential recognition strategies.

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NDP

Improve foreign credentials recognition.
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Green

  • Review & update accreditation policies & licensing programmes.
  • Work with accreditation institutions to recognise foreign training & education.
  • Allocate more funding to provide training language & employment skills, & accreditation recognition for any newcomers legally eligible to work in Canada.
  • Incentivise employers to hire newcomers & refugee claimants.

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Family Reunification

Liberal

  • Reduce processing times to under 12 months.
  • Introduce electronic applications for family reunification.
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Conservative

  • Scrap the lottery system for family reunification.
  • Create a first-come-first-served system with weighting to prioritise applicants on criteria such as providing child care or family support, and language proficiency.
  • Invest additional resources in processing applications.
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NDP

  • End caps on applications to sponsor parents & grandparents.
  • Treat caregivers brought to Canada with respect & dignity, provide them with status, & allow them to reunite with their families without delay.
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Green

  • Increase the number of accepted applications for parent & grandparent sponsorship by IRCC.
  • Review adoption bans for Muslim majority countries.
  • Remove visa requirements for most parents visiting their children.

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Immigration Process

Liberal

  • Make the citizenship application process free for permanent residents who have fulfilled the requirements needed to obtain it.
  • Implement a program to issue visas to spouses & children abroad while they wait for processing of their permanent residency application.

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Conservative

  • Record all interactions between immigration officers & applicants to ensure oversight, fairness, & accountability.
  • Use technology to speed application vetting.
  • Increase cultural awareness training.
  • Use remote meeting technology to match applicants with immigration officers who best understand their cultural context.
  • Let applicants correct simple application mistakes within a set amount of time.

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NDP

Regulate the immigration consultancy industry.
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Green

  • Update the citizenship guidebook to include a more accurate history of Canada & Turtle Island, including residential schools & the Indian Act.
  • Address all forms of hate & xenophobia in all aspects of settlement in Canada.
  • Introduce exceptions for permanent residency & citizenship application costs based on household income.

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Refugees

Liberal

Work with employers & communities to welcome 2K skilled refugees to fill labour shortages in sectors like healthcare.

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Conservative

  • Replace all public, government-assisted refugee places with more private & joint sponsorship places, except for special cases.
  • Make the Rainbow Refugee Assistance Project a permanent program.
  • Allow private sponsorship of the most vulnerable victims of persecution directly from their country of origin.
  • Create a program to allow direct private sponsorship of persecuted religious & sexual minorities.

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NDP

  • Get rid of the backlog for asylum seekers.
  • Work with Canadians to resettle refugees in communities.
  • Ensure refugees are given the support they need to build successful lives & new homes.
  • Establish a clear & permanent path for resettlement of LGBTQI2S+ refugees.
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Green

  • Terminate the Safe Third Country Agreement with the US.
  • Address processing time & unaffordable application fees.
  • Eliminate status-based service requirements.
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Temporary Foreign Workers

Liberal

  • Reform economic immigration programmes to expand pathways to Permanent Residence for temporary foreign workers & former international students through the Express Entry points system.
  • Create a Trusted Employer system with a streamlined application process for Canadian companies hiring temporary foreign workers to fill labour shortages that can't be filled by Canadian workers.
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Conservative

  • Create a trusted employer system so companies don't have to reapply.
  • Work with provinces to harmonise federal & provincial systems.
  • Set clear standards & timelines for Labour Market Assessment processes, including options for fee-based expedited visas when needed.
  • Revise how regions are zoned to ensure rural areas & tourism hotspots are not coupled with urban hubs.
  • Establish a path to permanence.
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Green

  • Introduce low-barrier, more accessible pathways to permanent residency for temporary foreign workers.
  • Develop safe strategies for temporary foreign workers & whistle blowers to report abusive employers without losing their status.

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Visas

Liberal

Implement a program to issue visas to spouses & children abroad while they wait for processing of their permanent residency application.

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Conservative

  • Increase the capacity of the Immigration and Refugee Board to hear asylum claims.
  • Strengthen integrity and enforcement overall.
  • Explore requiring more enforceable commitments for visitors to abide by.
  • Allow family members of citizens to come & live in Canada for up to 5 years without permanent status, renewing their stay for additional time, where appropriate, if they purchase health insurance.

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Green

Remove visa requirements for most parents visiting their children.

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