This is a page from the 2021 Canadian federal election.

Public Safety & Policing

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Access to the Justice System

Liberal

  • Make criminal procedure reforms to adopt virtual means such as virtual remote court proceedings & expanded use of the telewarrant process.
  • Further support technological modernisation of federal courtrooms & tribunals.
  • Support provinces & territories in digitising & modernising their court systems.

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NDP

Increase funding for legal aid.
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Cannabis Convictions

NDP

Proactively expunge criminal records for those convicted of minor cannabis possession.
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Domestic Violence

Liberal

Work with provinces & territories to enact Clare's Law.
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Conservative

  • Consider a victim of assault in a domestic or dependent relationship with the perpetrator as an aggravating factor on sentencing.
  • Put in place a mandatory minimum of 2 years if the Crown can show that an assault is part of a pattern of conduct with the victim.
  • Enact Clare's Law.

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NDP

Update the Canada Labour Code to include 10 days of paid leave for those dealing with family & domestic violence.
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Gang Violence

Conservative

  • Hire 200 RCMP officers based in the GTA and Lower Mainland to combat gangs & the smuggling of guns and drugs.
  • Create an entities list of criminal gangs.
  • Work with the private sector to create a Gang Exit Strategy program.
  • Develop and expand programs to keep youth out of gangs.

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NDP

  • Make sure communities have access to funding for anti-gang projects to deter at-risk youth from joining gangs.
  • Address racialisation by focusing on preventing youth from falling prey to violent extremism, including through support for community-led initiatives.
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Gender-Based Violence

Liberal

  • Develop a 10-year National Action Plan to End Gender-Based Violence, beginning negotiations with provinces & territories within a year.
  • Work with community-based anti-violence experts to track progress.
  • Work with provinces & territories to support the development of specialised sexual violence courts.

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NDP

  • Deliver a National Action Plan to end gender-based violence, including funding to ensure shelter services & other programmes are available country-wide, especially in traditionally under-served areas.
  • Improve police training on sexual assault.
  • Require universities to develop plans to end sexual violence on campus.

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Green

  • Work with women's & Indigenous organisations to develop a comprehensive plan of action, with a timetable & dedicated funding, to eliminate violence against women, girls, & gender-diverse people.
  • Invest $40M over 4 years in the Shelter Enhancement Program.
  • Increase funding for investigations & convictions in human trafficking cases.

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Gun Violence

Liberal

  • Require owners of assault weapons to either sell the firearm to the government for destruction, or have it rendered permanently inoperable at government expense.
  • Set a maximum of 5 rounds for long gun magazines.
  • Set aside a minimum of $1B to support provinces or territories who implement a ban on handguns.
  • Ban selling or transferring magazines that hold more than a legal number of bullets.

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Conservative

  • Target "straw purchasing".
  • Further penalize unauthorised import or possession of a firearm, & possession for a dangerous purpose.
  • Expand the Firearms Tracing & Enforcement database nationally.
  • Make seizing firearms easier for police.
  • Repeal C-71 & the May 2020 Order in Council.

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NDP

  • Work to keep assault weapons and illegal handguns off the street.
  • Work to address gun smuggling and organised crime.
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Harmful Online Content

Liberal

Introduce legislation within 100 days to combat serious forms of harmful online content, such as hate speech, terrorist content, content inciting violence, child sexual abuse material, & the non-consensual distribution of intimate images, making social media platforms accountable for the content they host.

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Conservative

  • Clearly criminalise statements that encourage violence against people or identifiable groups, focusing on online incitement.
  • Provide $25M to law enforcement to quickly investigate online threats of violence, hate speech, & disinformation campaigns by foreign governments or extremist groups.
  • Require social media platforms to remove illegal content, such as content that incites violence.
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NDP

  • Convene a national working group to counter online hate.
  • Make social media platforms responsible for removing hateful & extremist content before it can do harm.
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Green

  • Fund data collection on the spread of online hate & real-world violence.
  • Support research & development to improve AI solutions for detecting misinformation, hate, & violence online.
  • Hold publishers of malicious disinformation to account.
  • Invest in initiatives & partnerships to increase access to accurate information.
  • Limit government to a regulatory role in monitoring & moderating online content.

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Human Trafficking

Conservative

  • Make human trafficking laws consistent with the Palermo Protocol.
  • Eliminate Preliminary Inquiries for sexual assault cases.
  • Use consecutive sentences.
  • Set procuring as an offence that may be subject to forfeiture of proceeds of crime.
  • Provide $100M for police training.

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Justice & Prisons

Green

  • Develop a restorative justice model.
  • Revitalise social, economic, physical, & mental health supports.
  • Ensure prison is a last resort.
  • Implement laws to reduce the incarceration of those with mental health issues through preventive measures.
  • Develop clearer laws to reduce the number of people held in pre-trial detention.

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National Security

Conservative

  • Mandate a Minister of National Security & Public Safety with addressing threats.
  • Establish a permanent task force to address foreign interference.
  • Pass a Foreign Agents Registry Act.
  • Make it an offence for entities who have spent more than $100k in a year on political activity to receive foreign donations.
  • Amend the Elections Act.

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NDP

  • Work with international allies to deal with threats to our national security.
  • Enhance real-time oversight of security services, ensuring full respect for the privacy and Charter rights of all citizens.
  • Strengthen protection for Canadians who are victims of foreign interference & threats.
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Police Accountability & Reform

Liberal

  • Give the RCMP's Management Advisory Board full oversight over the RCMP.
  • Set clear timelines for RCMP compliance with the Civilian Review & Complaints Commission recommendations.
  • Support an external review of the RCMP's sanctions & disciplinary regime.
  • Make the Independent Centre for Harassment Resolution fully external to the RCMP.
  • Work with governments to connect RCMP with social support workers.

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NDP

  • Put in place robust & independent civilian oversight of the RCMP.
  • Launch a review of the RCMP's budget & the RCMP act in order to ensure accountability to the public.
  • Release all use-of-force incidents by the RCMP.
  • Launch a full review into RCMP use-of-force.

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Green

  • Conduct an immediate review of the RCMP's duties, & identify areas for detasking police & reducing spending.
  • Reallocate funding to social & community services.
  • Design & implement a more effective, transparent, accountable, & independent police oversight system.
  • Review the Civilian Review & Complaints Commission.
  • Create a national standard for independent & accountable oversight of policing.

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Police Carding

NDP

  • Immediately move to ban carding by the RCMP.
  • Work with local partners across Canada to end carding in all jurisdictions.
  • Review all information obtained through carding that has been retained by police, and examine how that information has been shared between the RCMP & other police forces & government agencies.
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Police Violence

Liberal

  • Prohibit RCMP from using neck restraints & prohibit the use of tear gas or rubber bullets for crowd control.
  • Commit to a full external review of deescalation training.

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NDP

  • Implement a federal use-of-force standard with a zero-tolerance policy for inappropriate use-of-force.
  • Overhaul federal police training to ensure officers receive ongoing deescalation, implicit-bias, & cross-cultural training throughout their careers.
  • Increase investments in non-police interventions, like mental health & addiction supports.

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Green

  • Develop a national standard for police use-of-force.
  • Work with other jurisdictions to ban certain kinds of force, such as chokeholds & neck restraints.
  • Create a mandatory national database of police use of force, disaggregated by race, ethnic background, national origin, age, & other identities, to better understand the extent of systemic racism in Canadian policing.

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Security Infrastructure

Conservative

Double funding for the Security Infrastructure Program, simplify the application process, remove the need to demonstrate risk, and allow funding to be used for a broader list of expenses, such as paying security guards and training volunteers.
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Victims of Crime

NDP

Provide victims access to the supports & services they need, such as counselling, referrals, police & court-related services, & a voice in decisions that may impact their safety.
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